Summer 2012,Volume XII, Number 2

Research Articles   

Credible Minimum Nuclear Deterrence in South Asia

Dr Farah Zahra

India and Pakistan have coexisted as neighbours without any meaningful communication at the strategic level. It remains debatable whether the two nations are indulging in a nuclear arms race with India’s eye on China as Pakistan’s ally. The article studies the impact of these factors on deterrence in the environment of the ongoing “war on terror.”   

The Russian Resurgence and South Asian Region

Dr Nazir Hussain and Khurshid Ali Sangay   

The changing regional strategic environment, especially in Middle East and South Asia, has compelled Russia to look beyond its immediate security realm to safeguard its traditional areas of influence. The authors discuss Russia’s efforts in securing its interests in South Asia particularly at a time when Indo-US strategic relationship is growing.growing.

The Indian Ocean, United States and Pakistan Navy

Muhammad Azam Khan and Ayesha Aijaz

The authors anticipate the role Pakistan Navy (PN) can play in the Indian Ocean in the present geo-energy era in the backdrop of US policy of elevating India to the position of a “regional anchor” as its long term strategic partner. They think PN can act as a catalyst in reinforcing the nation’s conventional and strategic deterrence.

Conceptualizing Terrorism: Problems of Defining and Building Consensus

Naeem Ahmedem Ahmed

The author argues that national liberation movements which the UN recognizes as legitimate should not be termed as terrorism, though he recognises that the use of violence against non-combatants puts the legitimacy of freedom fighters in doubt.

Reporting Terrorism: How the Terrorists Exploit TV and Its Dynamics

Muhammad Zubair Iqbal

Terrorists are aware not only of the power of the electronic media like television but also of its soft spots in the commercial world where it must compete with rivals for viewer attention. The terrorist is also adept at exploiting this weakness for his benefit. The spectacle of terror is so imposing that round the clock TV cannot resist riveting the eye of the camera on the scene for long hours thereby making it possible for the terrorist message to reach across to the intended audience. The article studies the dynamics of this relationship.

Understanding Fourth Generation Warfare and It’s Relevance to Pakistan

Khurshid Khan and Afifa Kiran

Fourth Generation Warfare (4GW), an umbrella term—describes post 20th century conflicts characterized by a blurring of lines between war and peace, soldier and civilian, freedom fighter and terrorist etc. The authors believe that Pakistan is faced with a situation in which it is the most vulnerable target of 4GW.

IPRI Studies

Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan

Dr Noor ul Haq

Regional Economic Integration in South Asia: Progress and Prospects

Muhammad Hanif

China’s Soft Power

Air Commodore Khalid Iqbal (retd)

Nuclear Weapons in India-Pakistan Crisis

Usman Ghani

Politics of New Provinces in Pakistan: Prospects and Challenges

Saman Zulfqar

Prospects of Arab Spring in Pakistan

Maria Syed

Book Reviews

Fatal Faultlines: Pakistan, Islam and the West

Irfan Husain

Pakistan: the US, Geopolitics and Grand Strategies

Usama Butt and Julian Schofield, eds.

Tinderbox – The Past and Future of Pakistan

M.J. Akbar

Documents

  • National Assembly’s Resolution to Condemn the Blatant Interference in Pakistan’s Internal Affairs Evidenced by US Congressional Foreign Relations Sub-committee Hearing on Balochistan on 8th February, 2012
  • Joint Statement of Trilateral Summit of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of Iran and Islamic Republic of Pakistan on “Enhancing Trilateral Cooperation”
  • Parliamentary Guidelines for Revised Terms of Engagement with USA/NATO/ISAF and General Foreign Policy
  • President’s Speech on 50th Anniversary of Pakistan-EU Relations
  • Address by the Prime Minister at the Reception for the British Parliamentarians in the House of Commons 
  • President’s Address at the NATO Summit
  • Chicago Summit Declaration on Afghanistan 
  • Pakistan Economic Survey – 2011-12 Executive Summary
  • Text of Budget Speech – Pakistan Federal Budget 2012-13 
  • Speech of Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani, Prime Minister of Pakistan, at National Defence University, Islamabad

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