Winter 2012,Volume XII, Number 1

Research Articles

Cold Start in Strategic Calculus
Sannia Abdullah 
                                                                                                                                      

The cold start doctrine formulated by Indian strategists is a product of the 2001-02 standoff with Pakistan. It envisages a blitzkrieg, a limited war under the nuclear overhang that disrupts enemy lines of communication and forces a distorted and chaotic response from them. The paper analyses the doctrine in the framework of the Deterrence and Compellence theories, its applicability given India’s limitations, and throws light on the strategic stability of south Asia after its induction. 

Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons Testing May 1998: External and Internal Pressures
Zafar Khan          
                                                                                                                                  

The factors that helped the proponents of Pakistan’s nuclear testing in May 1998 to succeed against the external and internal opponents who wanted the country to remain a non-nuclear state are discussed in this article. Zafar Khan gives the pro-bomb lobby an interesting name – the security epistemic community (SEC).

Pakistan’s Kashmir Policy in New Strategic Environment
Sohaib Khaliq                                                                                                                                       

The study looks into the way the post 9/11 world environment has affected Pakistan’s approach towards Kashmir, more so in the light of former President General Musharraf’s statement that Pakistan joined the US-led ‘war on terror’ to safeguard its Kashmir cause. While discussing the policy changes Pakistan had to make to adjust to the new international situation, the article also takes into account measures that were taken to salvage Pakistan’s claim on Kashmir.

Prospects of a Nuclear Armed Iran and Policy Options for Pakistan
Shams uz Zaman                                                                                                                                   

This paper discusses the policy options for Pakistan if Iran acquires a nuclear weapon capability. With the western world’s strong opposition to such an event and threats of military strike from Israel in addition to UN-imposed sanctions, Pakistan as Iran’s old ally and neighbour would have to tread very carefully as the author thinks there would be risks as well as opportunities. 

Afghanistan: War Crimes, Government, ICC and NGOs
Akbar Nasir Khan                                                                                                                      
              

This article discusses the perpetration of war crimes in Afghanistan by different groups in the last three decades; and the ability and willingness of the Afghanistan government as a signatory of the International Criminal Court to prosecute the past and present criminals; and the role NGOs can play as a pressure group to make the Afghan legal system compatible with the ICC requirements.

IPRI Studies

Future of Pakistan’s Energy Security: An Alternate Approach
Muhammad Mustansar Billah Hussain                                                                                                    

The writer makes a strong case for Pakistan to make use of its ample wind power resources to meet its rising energy needs. Around 50000 mw electricity can be harnessed from Sind alone if wind resources there are tapped by employing modern technology that is yielding 198 gw world wide today. Moreover it is environment friendly, cheap and quick to install. 

Water Security: Pakistan and Regional Perspective
Khalid Chandio                                                                                                                                     

Water is acquiring the status of a strategic material over which future wars could be fought. The article discusses the present water situation in Pakistan, a water scarce country that suffers from poor management internally and is bedeviled with external problems arising from India, the upper riparian state. 

Reconciling the Afghan Insurgents
Muhammad Nawaz Khan and Aftab Hussain                                                          
                                 

The authors analyse the possibility of reconciliation among the fighting factions of Afghanistan after the withdrawal of the foreign forces. They stress the need for an Afghan-led rapprochement without interference from outside and suggest practical measures to involve all stake holders in such an enterprise. 

Corruption: Causes and Cure
Dr Noor ul Haq                                                                                       
                                              

Honest leadership, meritocracy, financial control, decentralization, a vigilant civil society and media, transparency and rule of law are among the conditions that the author thinks are necessary for curbing the growing menace of corruption in Pakistan.

Book Reviews

Inside the Pakistan Army 
Carey Schofield                                                                                                               
                     

Unipolarity and World Politics
Birthe Hansen                                                                                                                                      

How Pakistan Negotiates with the United States: Riding the Roller Coaster 
Howard B. Schaffer and Teresita C. Schaffer                                
                                                         

Pakistan: Beyond the ‘Crisis State’ 
Maleeha Lodhi, ed.                                
                                                                                               

Afghanistan and Pakistan: Conflict, Extremism, and Resistance to Modernity
Riaz Mohammad Khan                                                                                                                          

Nuclear Pakistan Strategic Dimensions
Dr Zulfqar Khan                                                                                                                                    

A Letter to Pakistan
Karen Armstrong                                                                                                                                    

Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the future of the Global Jihad
Bruce Riedel                                                                                                                                       

Explaining Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: Escaping India
Aparna Pande                                                                                                                                        


Documents

• Concluding Remarks by the Prime Minister on National Seminar on De-radicalisation

• Opening Remarks by the Prime Minister at the National Command Authority

• India-Pakistan Joint Statement

• Speech of the Prime Minister on “Minorities Day”

• Prime Minister’s Address on the Occasion of 65th Independence Day

• Foreign Minister’s Speech on Launching of Global Counter Terrorism Forum (GCTF)

• Foreign Minister’s Statement at the High Level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security

• Foreign Minister’s Remarks on ‘Promoting Dialogue, Understanding, and Countering
the Appeal of Terrorism’ in the UN Secretary General’s Symposium on International
Counter-Terrorism Cooperation

•  Foreign Minister’s Statement at the Annual Coordination Meeting (ACM) of the OIC
Foreign Ministers

•   Foreign Minister’s Address to the UN General Assembly on Behalf of the Prime Minister of Pakistan
at the General Debate of the 66th Session of UNGA

•  Text of the All Parties Conference (APC) Resolution

•  Prime Minister’s Remarks at the SCO Summit

•  Prime Minister’s Address at the Seventeenth SAARC Summit

•  Prime Minister at the Envoys Conference

•  Prime Minister Addresses Concluding Session of Envoys Conference

•  Syeda Fiza Batool Gilani, Goodwill Ambassador for Women Empowerment, at National Consultation Workshop on
“Gender Equality and Women Empowerment – Post Devolution”

•  Prime Minister’s Statement to the Parliament Regarding November 26, 2011 NATO Attacks

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